Top 5 Java Testing Frameworks of 2022

java testing frameworks

Why do you need java testing frameworks? Because you must test your software before you release it. We know, it’s exciting to have your almost-ready, newly-developed, bright-and-sparkly software in your hands. But you can’t release it to the world yet. And clicking through every possibility of your own software will take decades.

We here at WillDom believe in technology that brings ease and joy, but untested releases almost always result in headaches and frustration. Don’t do that to yourself. If you’d like to skip the list and get java testing frameworks done for you, visit WillDom to meet your new team! 

If you’re ready to do it yourself, save your future self from pulling out your hair. Read on to learn about the benefits, considerations, and details of the top 5 java testing tools for this year.

Benefits

Professional software developers use java testing tools all the time. They are time savers, cost-effective, and often crowd or open-sourced. Why test with the knowledge of one developer when you could have thousands working with you? It also:

  1. Improves efficiency, speed, and reliability of your testing process.
  2. Lower maintenance cost than human-staffed alternatives.
  3. Gives you the ability to reuse code & minimal need for manual intervention.

Considerations

As with most things in life, the process is only as good as the person using it. You may need to spend time training your team or get some backup until they get familiar with the system you choose. There’s nothing worse than finding a bug and creating more when you try to fix it. So, take into consideration that:

  1. You have to choose which to use and choose wisely.
  2. Someone in your team needs to understand the results.
  3. When testing finds a bug, someone needs to fix it.

5 Java Testing Frameworks

  1. JUnit

The original, the champion, the most famous Java testing tool around. From JUnit Vintage for backward compatibility to JUnit Jupiter for Jupiter-based tests. 

JUnit is popular for a reason. With easy-to-use features like a green (pass)/red (fail) progress bar, JUnit has both function and usability. Both automated and manual testing are available and JUnit is open source but it can’t create HTML reports of testing cases.

  1. QUnit

This JQuery Unit testing framework can be used to test standard JavaScript code as well. The results are easy to read and interpret. QUnit has GitHub stars and forks and is used by jQuery (UI and Mobile) projects. QUnit can even test itself. 

One disadvantage of QUnit is how it deals with Async operations. In order to test properly, you need to have a start() and stop() before and after your Async. If you don’t know when your function will start or stop, QUnit can’t give you a clear result.

  1. TestNG

TestNG’s java testing tool is designed for end-to-end, unit, integration, and functionality. Though it has similarities to JUnit, TestNG can be used to group test your methods and it has annotation support. 

Logs and parallel testing as well as HTML report generation are other nice bells and whistles. Though, if you don’t need annotation or want to prioritize your tests, you may not need to go beyond JUnit.

  1. Serenity

Do you follow BDD (behavior-driven development)? Serenity might be the java testing framework for you. You can define specifications, target test runs on individual functional areas, and accept tests in manageable doses. 

After your test, documentation is quick and easy – great for sharing between users, developers, and testers. If you aren’t looking for BDD features, the extra time it takes to create and maintain your feature files may not be worth it.

  1. Mockito

If you’re looking for better API integration for your more advanced frameworks, check out Mockito. As with several of our other contenders, Mockito offers excellent documentation. Reducing the lines in test codes through annotation and allowing you to mock out classes, instead of just interfaces, are a few more strengths Mockito brings to your business. 

If you are running anything older than Java 6+ or if you need to mock constructors and/or static methods, don’t use Mockito.
Are you a little confused? Don’t worry! Visit us at WillDom and we will find the right java testing framework for your business. You won’t have to ever think about APIs again if you don’t want to. We will handle everything from idea to release (and after that as well) so you can concentrate on your business.

If you’ve been nodding your head reading about forks and BDD, we hope this quick look at the top 5 java testing frameworks of 2022 helped you narrow down which tool to use. If you end up choosing one of these 5 tools, we would love to hear what you think of it.

Because every app and every business is different, making a decision like this from an article can be daunting. Or impossible. Without trying each version, it’s difficult to know what works and what doesn’t. The good news? We’ve tried them. All of them! Well, our team members have. Take advantage of their expertise and grow your team and test with us at WillDom or follow us on LinkedIn.

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